TILES LAYING SOLUTION & MAINTENANCE TIPS

TILES CAN BE LAID BY TWO METHODS
THICK BED MORTAR

( CEMENT )

THIN BED MORTAR

( ADHESIVE )

Advantage of Thin Bed Mortar (Adhesive)

Over Conventional Method (Cement)

01.

GOOD ADHESION

02.

EASY APPLICATION

03.

FASTER APPLICATION

TILE ADHESIVE

  • Tiles adhesive are blend of Cement, graded sand & Advanced polymers which are designed considering the properties of tiles
  • Added Polymer allow to accommodate movement due to thermal & physical changes hence protecting the tiles from CRACK
  • Bonding Strength of Adhesive is higher as compared to CEMENT

TILE ADHESIVE VS CEMENT

TILE ADHESIVECEMENT

Excellent bond strength

Poor bond strength

High impermeable

No waterproofing properties

Wider application

Limited applications

Easy to use

Needs more attention

Uniform thickness(3-6 mm)

Variable thickness(10-25 mm)

Lesser time required for tile fixing

More time required for tile fixing

No shrinkage cracks

Shrinkage cracks may appear

WALL / FLOOR WHERE TILES TO BE LAID

The floor where tiles to be laid must meet following requirement

  • Structurally sound, smooth and flat
  • Free from contamination likes as waxy/oily & paints etc
  • Plaster of surface of the wall & floor should be completed at least one weeks prior to tilling (Avoid to fix tiles on Fresh wall/ Floor)

PREPARATION OF TILES

  • Before fixing the tiles, lay them in desired pattern from random boxes & make sure that they give an acceptable blend of shade & size.
  • Different windows/ faces in single design are component of latest printing technology in tiles.
  • Mixing of tiles would blend the shade variation avoiding obvious patches
  • Please note that certain amount of size & shade variation is inherent in ceramic fired products

FIXING THE TILES

  • Use CEMENT & SAND MORTAR in the ratio of 1:3; add some water to create a consistent paste. Please never use NEAT CEMENT for fixing the tiles.
  • In case of adhesive application, please follow adhesive manufacturer instructions
  • Prior to fixing, the tiles should be immersed in clean water for 10-20 minutes.
  • Remove the tiles from the water & allow them to drain to ensure there is no water on the surface
  • Apply quality ceramic tiles adhesive on to the wall evenly using notched spreader.
  • Tiles should be fixed by applying very thin slurry (If laid with cement) on the back of it. If heavy slurry is applied, cement will pull the body of tile inside while as the glaze surface will remain constant that may lead to developing crack (Crazing) on the glaze surface.
  • Tiles should be fixed arrow(mentioned back side of tile)wise to minimize the size & flatness tolerances
  • It is advisable to maintain a space of 2-5 mm between the every two tiles to allow for possible moisture expansion within specified limits
  • Tiles should be fixed by twisting & tampering on the cement mortar bed by rubber mallet to ensure proper contact between tiles & floor.
  • Mason should use soft tools while doing patting/ stroking otherwise fine cracks may develop on the tile and these fine cracks may grow heavy when the cement pinch/ pull take place.
  • Wait for 24 Hrs after fixing the tiles, after that fill the grouts
  • 15-20 minutes after the grouting process, wipe of the excess grouts with damp sponge

GROUTING

  • Wait for 24 Hrs after fixing the tiles, after that fill the grouts.
  • 15-20 minutes after the grouting process, wipe of the excess grouts with damp sponge

CUTTING CURVES

To fit up against a curved surface e.g. edge of washbasin, make a cardboard template of the curve, 
transfer it to the tile surface and cut along the curve.

CUTTING A HOLE

For a pipe to come through, measure the position, which the hole will occupy on the tile surface, mark straight line vertically down the tile passing through the center of the hole to be cut.

Score down this line and snap the tiles into two. Using a template, score a semicircle into the two cut edges of the tile which when placed together form a hole.

TILING A WINDOW RECESS

To cut an ‘L’ shape, cut a line from the edge to the center, then score at right angles to this. Lay tiles on the window sill, placing the cut tiles closest to the window.

Line up the tiles on the sidewalls with those on the main wall.

FIXING ACCESSORY TILES

Leave space in the run of tiles where accessory tile will fit and scrape out the adhesive left exposed. With surrounding tiles set in place, spread adhesive on the back of accessory and push it firmly into the space.

DRILLING THROUGH TILE

Cover the area to be drilled with masking tape, mark the position of the hole on it and drill with sharp masonry-bit using lowest possible speed setting.





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